Send Message
Home ProductsOthers

SK2 SK120 Cold Rolled Spring Steel Strip Colour Tempered

All Products

Process

(4)

Industry

(2)

Materials

(2)

Others

(305)
Certification
China Hunan Fushun Metal Co., Ltd. certification
China Hunan Fushun Metal Co., Ltd. certification
I'm Online Chat Now

SK2 SK120 Cold Rolled Spring Steel Strip Colour Tempered

SK2 SK120 Cold Rolled Spring Steel Strip Colour Tempered
SK2 SK120 Cold Rolled Spring Steel Strip Colour Tempered
SK2 SK120 Cold Rolled Spring Steel Strip Colour Tempered SK2 SK120 Cold Rolled Spring Steel Strip Colour Tempered

Large Image :  SK2 SK120 Cold Rolled Spring Steel Strip Colour Tempered

Product Details:
Place of Origin: China
Brand Name: Fushun
Certification: ISO9001:2008
Model Number: SK2
Payment & Shipping Terms:
Minimum Order Quantity: negotiable
Price: negotiable
Packaging Details: nylon/pallet/case
Delivery Time: 15-30 days
Payment Terms: L/C, T/T, Western Union
Supply Ability: 40,000tons/year

SK2 SK120 Cold Rolled Spring Steel Strip Colour Tempered

Description
Grade: SK2 Feature: Cold Rolled
Shape: Steel Strip Delivery Condition 2: Cold Rolled + Soft Annealed : G
Surface Condition: Bright, Grey-blue, Polished, Polished And Colour-tempered Form: Steel Coils Strips
High Light:

SK120 Cold Rolled Steel Strip

,

SK2 Spring Steel Strip

,

Colour Tempered Spring Steel Strip

SK Grades Cold Rolled Spring Steel Strip

 

Main applications

Springs, spiral springs, knitting needles, horns, measuring tapes, washers, dot printers, spacers, and various plate springs.

 

Product overview

Due to their workability, hardenability, product performance, affordability, and other characteristics, carbon tool steels are the most widely used cold-rolled special steel strips.

 

Carbon tool steel is used in a wide range of fields from hard applications including blades, cutting tools, and regular tools to applications that require elasticity and toughness including regular springs, spiral springs, knitting needles, horns, measuring tapes, and washers.

 

An overview of carbon tool steels (SK2, SK4, SK5, SK6, and SK7) and carbon steels (S15C, S45C, S50C, S55C, and S60C) is provided for the purposes of reference and comparison on the Special Steels and Carbon Steels page.

 

Features

It is common to heat treat most SK grades before or after processing.

FUSHUN's SK grades are designed to produce optimal surface roughness after heat treatment, which enables an ideal product finish after black oxide treatment.

 

FUSHUN Advantages

High quality and reliability

Our ability to produce uniform strength and thickness tolerances that are impossible to achieve using regular materials allows us to manufacture products that demonstrate stable strength in spring applications.

 

Moreover, we can produce excellent fatigue resistance and reliability by adjusting material structure and by creating a high degree of cleanliness via the careful management of manufacturing history and the adjustment of chemical composition.

 

1 Ultrathin foils

We can manufacture ultra thin sheets of 0.010 to 0.099 mm.

 

2 Flexible, small-lot production

We can manufacture standard lots weighing 300 kg, and are also happy to consider smaller lots upon consultation. (Requests for small-lot orders will be dealt with on a case-by-case basis.)

 

3 Ability to adjust materials to desired hardness

We make products to order, and can adjust hardness as required.

 

4 Select your surface finish

By changing the roll used in the rolling process, we can offer a bright or dull finish. If required we can also provide a hairline finish (outsourced).

 

Product size range

Grade Thickness (mm) Width (mm)
SK2 (SK120) 0.010–2.000 3–300
SK4 (SK95) 0.010–2.000 3–300
SK5 (SK85) 0.010–3.500 3–300
SK6 (SK75) 0.010–2.000 3–300
SK7 (SK65) 0.010–1.600 3–300

 

Standard

Designation International
Standard
USA UK Germany France Russia China Japan
ISO AISI SAE BS DIN NF ΓOCT GB JIS

SK2

(SK120)

TC120 W1-111/2 - - C120E3U y12 T12

SK2

(SK120)

SK4

(SK95)

TC90 W1-9 - - C90E2U y10 T10

SK4

(SK95)

SK5

(SK85)

TC90

TC80

W1-8 - C80W1

C90E2U

C80E2U

y8Γ

y9

T8Mn

T9

SK5

(SK85)

SK6

(SK75)

TC80

TC70

W1-7 - C80W1

C80E2U

C70E2U

y8 T8

SK6

(SK75)

SK7

(SK65)

-

 

- - C70W2 C70E2U y7 T7

SK7

(SK65)

 

Chemical composition

Type Designation Chemical composition(%)
C Si Mn P S Cr Ni Others

Special steel

JIS G 3311

(4401)

 

SK2

(SK120)

1.15~

1.30

0.10~

0.35

0.10~

0.50

≦0.030 ≦0.030 ≦0.30 ≦0.25

Cu≦0.25

 

SK4

(SK95)

0.90~

1.00

0.10~

0.35

0.10~

0.50

≦0.030 ≦0.030 ≦0.30 ≦0.25

SK5

(SK85)

0.80~

0.90

0.10~

0.35

0.10~

0.50

≦0.030 ≦0.030 ≦0.30 ≦0.25

SK6

(SK75)

0.70~

0.80

0.10~

0.35

0.10~

0.50

≦0.030 ≦0.030 ≦0.30 ≦0.25

SK7

(SK65)

0.60~

0.70

0.10~

0.35

0.10~

0.50

≦0.030 ≦0.030 ≦0.30 ≦0.25

 

Physical Properties

Grade

Density

g/cm3

Specific heat

J (㎏·K)

Coefficient of thermal expansion

(0°C–100°C) 10-6/K

Thermal conductivity

W/(m·K)

Electrical resistance

μΩ·㎝

Young's modulus

N/mm2

Special steel 7.84 490 11.0 50.2 18 208000

 

1. Hardness/tensile strength

Cold-rolled special steels are normally supplied as rolled (with a rolled finish), but we can supply products with finishes ranging from the softest annealed finish to the hardest full-hardened finish. This allows you to select the finish best suited to your requirements and application.

 

Grade Finishing condition Hardness test Tensile test
HV Tensile strength N/mm2 Elongation %

SK-2

(SK120)

Annealed 170–210 520–685 20–32
Skin passed 190–230 570–715 10–28
Rolled 250–290 735–980 2–15
Full hardened 280–320 835–1080 1–3

SK4

(SK95)

Annealed 160–200 490–645 24–35
Skin passed 175–215 540–695 12–32
Rolled 245–285 725–970 2–15
Full hardened 270–310 825–1040 1–4

SK5

(SK85)

Annealed 150–190 460–625 26–37
Skin passed 170–210 510–685 15–35
Rolled 240–280 725–930 3–16
Full hardened 260–300 805–1000 1–5

SK6

(SK75)

Annealed 145–185 440–615 27–38
Skin passed 160–200 490–665 15–35
Rolled 235–275 715–920 3–16
Full hardened 255–295 795–990 1–5

SK7

(SK65)

Annealed 140–180 410–610 28–39
Skin passed 155–195 460–655 16–36
Rolled 230–270 705–900 3–17
Full hardened 250–290 775–970 1–5
Full hardened 200–240 655–735 1–8
 

 

Finish definitions and finish chart

FUSHUN uses the following finishing definitions:

Finishing condition Finishing rolling reduction
Annealed —— (As annealed)
Skin passed (lightly rolled) Up to 5%
Rolled 15%–40%
Full hardened 35% or higher

 

Hardness Chart

Grade Finishing condition (HV)
Annealed Skin passed Rolled Full hardened
SK2 (SK120) 170–210 190–230 250–290 280–320
SK4 (SK95) 160–200 175–215 245–285 270–310
SK5 (SK85) 150–190 170–210 240–280 260–300
SK6 (SK75) 145–185 160–200 235–275 255–295
SK7 (SK65) 140–180 155–195 230–270 250–290

 

2. Bendability

1. While a rolled finish is sometimes used for bent products, we normally use an annealed or skin-passed finish for such products.  

2. Steel strips generally have directional properties. As products with a rolled finish in particular have strong directional properties, it is better to avoid bending parallel to the rolling direction. It is therefore necessary to think of a layout that will ensure that the bending direction is perpendicular or cross to the rolling direction.

3. After cutting, shearing, or processing, if a bend is made so that the burred surface is on the outer face of the bent section, cracks may propagate from the burred edge. Therefore, the burred surface should be positioned so that it is on a section that will not be bent, or the burrs should be removed before bending.

4. When bending, spring back differs according to the extent of processing and finish of the material. It is necessary to make appropriate corrections depending on the shape and processing method.

5. Bendability differs according to grade and processing conditions, but it is possible to process materials with different finishing conditions as shown below.

  (These conditions mainly apply to low carbon steel strips of grade SK5 or below)

 

 

3. Drawability

 Except for minor drawing processes, the product usually needs to have the same drawability for all directions. For this reason, products with an annealed or skin-pass finish are used.

 Even though cold-rolled special steel strips are not susceptible to significant stretcher-strain marks in the way that soft steels are, they have a low drawing limit. Therefore, when deep drawing, we perform intermediate annealing, and then re-draw the product.

 

 

We use a drawing rate of 0.4 for drawing a regular flat sheet and 0.6 for re-drawing.

 

Drawing rate = d/D  

d = diameter of product to be drawn, D = diameter of circular plate before drawing

 

Reference: Formula for approximate calculation of drawing power

P = ndtσBm

Note: t = thickness, m = correction factor (normally 0.4–1.0), σB = tensile strength of material

 

Heat treatment

Quenching Temperature

Grade Quenching temperature (°C)
SK4 (SK95) 790–850 oil quenching (760–820 water quenching)
SK5 (SK85) 790–850 oil quenching (760–820 water quenching)
SK6 (SK75) 790–850 oil quenching (760–820 water quenching)
SK7 (SK65) 790–850 oil quenching (760–820 water quenching)
SKS51 790–850 oil quenching (760–820 water quenching)

 

 

1. Heat treatment overview

Almost all cold rolled special steel strips are quenched and tempered as appropriate depending on the application.

The most important considerations when performing these heat treatment processes are:

 

(1) to heat and cool the product evenly using suitable conditions,

(2) to prevent decarburization, scaling, and high temperature corrosion as much as possible, and

(3) to choose a quenching method that will minimize quenching deformation.

 

 

2. Temperature of furnace and material

When performing heat treatment, the temperature of the heat treatment furnace is measured and used as the temperature to which the material is heated. However, sometimes there may be a large difference or variation between the material’s actual temperature and the measured furnace temperature. It is therefore necessary to thoroughly investigate temperature properties, and control the temperature and alter the heat treatment process accordingly.

 

3. Pre-treatment and atmosphere

When treating cold rolled special steel strips, the higher the carbon content, the easier decarburization occurs. In particular, the risk becomes greater in in high-temperature heating processes like quenching. If the material is contaminated with dirt or foreign substances then high temperature corrosion may occur. Therefore it is necessary to pre-treat material surfaces by cleaning them and adjust the atmosphere of the furnace before heat treatment. RX gas is used as a standard furnace atmosphere during quenching, NX gas during tempering, but N2, H2, AX gases, and others are also used.

In some cases, neutral salt-bath furnaces, metal bath furnaces, furnace tubes, cases, and other equipment is used to ensure that the material does not come into direct contact with the air.

 

4. Quenching

In most cases, a value around the midpoint of the quenching temperature range in the table above is used as the quenching temperature. This temperature is maintained for anywhere from several tens of seconds to several minutes depending on the material grade, dimensions, shape, required properties, and quenching method. Quenching conditions have a significant influence on the properties of the product. If the quenching temperature is too high or is maintained for too long, grains become larger, toughness is reduced, and the risk of decarburization increases. On the other hand, if the quenching temperature is too low or is not maintained for long enough, the product does not harden and soft spots may occur. It is therefore important to select appropriate quenching conditions.

 

Normally oil or water is used to cool materials down. Water-quenched products harden better than products oil-quenched products, but are more susceptible to problems such as quenching deformation and cracking. For this reason, except in some special cases, oil quenching is used for cold-rolled special steel strips.

 

To avoid quenching deformation, the oil temperature is increased and martempering is performed. In special cases, quenching is performed in a salt bath or metal bath (austempering). For ribbon shapes or simple shapes, stool quenching, press quenching, and other methods are employed.

 

5. Tempering

In spite of their hardness, quenched materials lack toughness and are brittle. To be finished into materials that possess toughness and strength, they must therefore must be tempered. Tempering conditions are determined depending on the required properties of each material by considering test results, the steel grade's quenching and tempering properties, and other factors. For cold-rolled special steel strips, long tempering time is used for certain cases (particularly when toughness is required) because the amount of material used is small and tempering work is often carried out consecutively. However, it would seem that most manufacturers often use a short tempering time of no longer than a few minutes. Moreover, due to the nature of the consecutive tempering process, if time is short then the temperature is set a little higher and products are tempered repeatedly. However, as a general rule, materials that are tempered at low temperature for a long time have more toughness than those that are tempered at high temperature. Care is therefore taken to avoid making the tempering furnace shorter, the tempering temperature higher, and the tempering time shorter than necessary. Using an oil, metal, or salt bath for tempering makes it possible to reduce time compared to open-air tempering.

Quenching and tempering properties for common steel grades are shown in the graphs below.

 

6. Annealing

Materials are annealed to soften them or remove deformation. In such applications, the appropriate annealing temperature is 600ºC–700ºC. If the temperature is too high, the structure can be changed and decarburization or scaling may occur, so it is generally preferable to select a temperature on the low side. A temperature of 600°C–700°C is maintained for anywhere from a few minutes to 30 minutes, after which the material is cooled gradually to around 200°C. It can be left to cool naturally when the temperature is 200ºC or below.

 

Contact Details
Hunan Fushun Metal Co., Ltd.

Contact Person: Ms. Florence Tang

Fax: 86-731-89853933

Send your inquiry directly to us (0 / 3000)